(No Model.) a Ysheets-Sheen 1.
N. BENJAMIN.. y
No. 524,999. Patented Aug. 28, 1894.
M his (1 0 N f 0 a' 0 s j] Ji' R q- Q 9 w Nl.
o E d w m I A T S' n Ei- 0 d'1 0 1 d a Ellw (1 o q. O i: l l B Q) Qi k4 Y Snom/fdc vn: cams PETERS w, Hman-mm wAsmNorou n c (No Models) 2. .fu e e h s m e nv h s 3 mm MT AD NR UDAy ".R N
aw Nj@ @if Patented Aug. 28, 1894.
1w: nouns mms ca, mmlrrwa, wnsnmcrom o. c
(No Model.)V 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
A N. BENJAMIN.
N0. -524,999. Patented Aug. 28, 1894.
Y PLN- ('r/J N' m Snom/tozatfozum Y PATENT OFFICE- NEWTON BENJAMIN, OF ELMIRA, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 524,999, dated August 28, 1894.
Application led October 24, 1893. Serial No. 489,046. (No model.)
shall bel so constructed that any longitudinal movement thereof will be effectually pre- 4 vented.
A further object is to construct a metallic tie in such manner that it cannot move laterally.
A further object is toproduce metallic-railroad ties which shall be simple in construction; which will, whenin use, become rmly and immovably seated on the road bed and which will, in every respect, be eectual in the performance of their functions. Y
With these objects in view the inventio consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts which willbe hereinafter described and'pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 is a plan view illustrating my improvements. Fig.2 is an end view, partly in section. Fig. 3 is a plan view. Figs. 4. and 5 are views of certain details. Figs. 6, 7, 8, 9 and M10 are views illustrating modifications.
A represents a bar having a central verti` cal portion a and"laterally projecting flanges b,b,said bar being, in eect, a railroad rail having the tread removed.` The bar A is so bent as to have a diagonal portion c between i its ends, the ends d,d of said bar being disposed in parallel planes, each end constituting a half tie or bearing. Another bar A similar to the bar A but having its diagonal portion c running in opposite direction to the diagonal portion o of the bar A, is placed in proximity to the latter, the end e thereof lying in close proximity to the portion d of the bar A and constituting, with said'portion d, a complete tie or bearing. From this construction and arrangement of parts it will be seen that when the two bars A, A are thus disposed, one complete and two half-ties or bearings will be produced.
Adjacent to theends d', e', of the bars A, A which, as before stated .constitute half ties or bearings, bars B, B are placed and, with the portions d', e', constitute two ties or bearings, the construction of said bars B, Bl 6o (in cross section) being the same as the bars A, A', but are only of a length equal to the portions d', e of said bars A, A.
The next three ties or bearings, constructed in the same manner `as above described, may be located in proximity to the first andthe position of the same reversed as shown 1n Fig. 1. By thus arranging the ties, it willf be seen that no two ties or bearings will .bei in line with each other, and undue rigidity 7o of the ties will thus be avoided and as no two fastenings of the rails will come opposite each other, lateral movement of the ties wlll be prevented. l
Instead of arranging the bars as above set 7 5 forth, the arrangement shown in Fig. 6 may be adopted. In this form of ,the invention, the bars A, A and the bar B will be employed, but in lieu of the short bar B', a bar C, similar inail respects to the bars A, A will be 8o used, and adjacent to the opposite end of the `bar C a short bar C similar to the bars B, B will be placed. A series of such ties may be placed on the VroadbedA successively, the adjacent sets of ties being reversed in posiktion in the same manner as above explainedr 'in connection withthe form of the invention shown in Fig. 1.
In the form of the invention shown in Fig.` 9`all the ties of the road are produced by bars 90 D, of a construction identical with the bars A, A', 0,#the respective ends ef said barsD being connected together (in a manner hereinafter described), thus constituting a continuous seriesof ties connected together, and the ties for supporting one rail alternating with those supporting the other rail.
vIn the form of the invention shown in Fig. 7, a bar E having a diagonal centralrportion f and ends f f2 in parallel planesis emroo ployed. A bar g extending from one side of the road bed to the other is adapted to lie adjacent toA and parallel with the end f of the bar E and constitute therewith a complete tie for supporting one of the track rails. A short bar g lies adjacent to the other end of the bar g, thus completing a tie for supside the same as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 7.
ln order to produce a broad, firm foundation for the rails l, 2, on the ties, and that said rails shall be properly secured in place, the devices now to be described will be employed. Between the barsV (in all the forms of the invention) constituting a tie, a short section of rail F is located and inverted, the bottom of said rail section being adapted to lie flush with the upper edges of the vertical portions a o f said bars. The web'z' of the rail section or base F projects between the lateral flanges b of they bars constituting atie and the tread j ofl said rail section or base is disposed under the tie, thus constitu-ting an anchor.
In order to properly take up the strain brought to bear on the rail section or base F and to insure its maintenance in sition, curved plates or angle irons k are located under the anges Z, Z, of thesam-e, said curved-plates or angleirons conforming tothe contour of the portions a, b, of. the bars constituting the-tie, and bearing at their respective ends against the lianges l of the rai-1 section or base F, and the webof the-same.. Tie bolts m are passed through the vertical porweb ofthe rail section or base F. The flanges lof the rail section F, on which the rails of thetrackrest, are made with portion of the wall of which as shown at n. Through each of these perforations, a bolt n.2 having a screwthreaded upper end, and a hook-shaped lower end 17.3 is passed, each hook 'n3 being adapted to en'- gage o1' embrace one'of the tie bolts m. The body of ,each bolt n2 is made angular and, when said bolt'is in position, enters the angular or straight portion n of the perforation n, thus preventing said bolt n2 from turning 1s made straight and maintaining the hooks always in proper engagement with the tie bolts. The bolts n2 also pass through clamps G located on the rail section or base F, said clamps being made with. a shoulder o adapted to bear against the edge ofthe :tlangefof the track rail, and with a portionk o adapted to rest on said flangeand extend to the web of said track rail.
The clamp G is retained in place by means of a nut o2 screwed on the bolt. n2. In order to constitute ,saidl clamp a washer to assist in preventing` the loosening of the nut o2, the outer end of the horizontal portion of said clamp is bent to produce a` downwardly proj ecting lug o3 which rests on said base, so that outside the bars g, h, they may be located in-A proper po- Q the ties in the manner above set forth, they perforations n, a
said horizontal portion o3 will be disposed slightly above the base. The horizontal portion of the clamp thus constitutes a spring, which bears firmly against the under face of the nut o2, the nut depressing said horlzontal portion somewhat, thus effectually retaining said nut in place. Instead of thus constructing the clamp, the portion thereof which rests on the base F may be made straight throughout its whole length, as shown in Fig. 8.
By constructing a tie as above described,
the soil of the road bed will bear against both faces of the vertical ange a of the bars cousti-tuting the ties and thus prevent the lateral movement of the ties. The lateral movement of the ties will also be prevented by the anchors formed bythe treads t of theirail sections F. The soil will also bear against the faces of the diagonal portions of the bars,th us eifectually preventing longitudinal movement of the ties. In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 9 the diagonal portions of the bars are disposed in V-shape and the position of these V-shaped figures alternate, so that the pressure of the. soil against the diagonal portions of the bars constituting ad] acent V-shaped figures will bein opposite d1- rections,thus securely locking the ties against longitudinal movement. y
Instead of arranging the barsl constituting may be transposed, as shown in Fig. 10.
Various slight changes, other than those which I have above described, maybe resorted. to without departing from the spirit of my inventiony or limiting its scope, andhence I donot wish to limit myself to the precise details of construction herein set'forth', but,
tions a of the bars of the tieand throughthe i' Having fully described my invention,- what I claim as new, and desire-to secureby Letters Patent, is
l. The combination of two ties adapted to support the two rai-ls at opposite sides'of ,the track, said ties composed. of two approximately parallel bars and located out of alignment with each other, and a diagonal connecting bar extending diagonally from one tie to the other and uniting with each tie', substantially as set forth. K
2. Two metallic bars having diagonal central portions, said bars being so disposed as to constitute a tieor bearing at one end and two half ties or bearings at the other end, substantially as set forth.
3.- The combination with twometallic bars having diagonal central portions, said bars being` so disposed that the ends of said bars will lie adjacent to each other to produce atie or bearing, of short bars placed-adjacentto the separated ends of said first mentioned bars and adapted to complete two'ties or bearings, substantiallyl as set forth.
4. They combination with two bars placed coincident with each other, each' of said bars having a vertical central portion and lateral anges, of an inverted rail section located between said bars and constituting a base for IOO supporting a track rail, the web of said rail section projecting between the flanges of said bars and the tread of said rail section being disposed beneath the said bars, said rail section having perforations having an angular wall, tie bolts passing through said bars and rail section, and hook shaped bolts passing through said perforations and adapted to engage said tie bolts, the body portion of said hook-shaped bolts beingangular in cross section and adapted to enter the angular portion of said perforations, substantially as set forth.
5. The combination with two bars placed parallel with each other, each of said bars having a vertical portion and flanges project- 1n g laterally from said vertical portion, and an inverted rail section disposed between' the vertical portions of said bars, of angle irons adapted to lie coincident with the vertical portion and lateral liange of said bars and bear at their respective ends on the ilanges and web of said rail section, substantially as set forth. s
6. The combination with two parallel bars, each having a central vertical portion and lateral flanges, of inverted rail sections disposed between said bars, tie bolts passing through said barsand rail sections, a hookshaped bolt passing through said rail section and adapted to engage said tie bolts, a clamp on said hook-shaped bolt, said clamp having a shoulder adapted to bear againstlthe flange of the track rail and having a portion adapted to rest on the flange of the track rail and extend Ato the web thereof, and a nut on said hook-shaped bolt and adapted to retain said clamp in place, substantially as set forth.
7. The combination with a railway tie coinprising a pair of flanged bars placed side by side, and a seat placed between them, of plates interposed between the seat and the flanges, said plates `engaging said seat and flanges, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
` NEWTON BENJAMIN. Witnesses:
" M. A. SMITH, t H. B. CLEVELAND.